Ninth SCA/AFA Conference on Argumentation 1995


pp. "Title,"  Author


Keynote Address

1  "Values: Providing Standards for Audience-Centered Argumentation," Malcolm O. Sillars

Keynote Theme Panel: Perspectives on the Audience

7 "Audience in The New Rhetoric and the Formal Appeals," Jeanne Fahnestock

12 "The Constitution of Rhetoric's Audience," Maurice Charland

16 "Audience Argue," Robert L. Scott and Robert A. Brookey

The Functions of Myth in Political Argument

21 "If God Prosper Us: Daniel Webster and the Historical Foundations of American Nationalism," James R. Andrews

28 "Utopia and Desire," James Darsey

36 "Christian Tradition, Jeffersonian Democracy, and the Myth of the Sentimental Family:

An Exploration of the Premises of Social Conservative Argumentation," Ronald Lee and Loren Murfield


Bringing Coherence to the Study of Argument

43 "Writing Home About Argumentation Theory," Frans H. van Eemeren

49 "Striking a Balance Between Monolithic and Idiosyncratic Conceptions of Argument in

Social Science Research on Argument," Dennis S. Gouran

54 "Coherence in Argumentation Studies: Can the Center Hold?" David Zarefsky

60 "Good Centers Do Not Hold, They Rebound," Charles Arthur Willard

Impact of Argument Theory on Policy Arenas

63 "Law, Social Science and the First Amendment," Dale A. Herbeck

71 "Argumentation in Urban Public and Not-for-Profit Management," David S. Birdsell

75 "Technical Sphere Competition in Communication Policy: The Reemergence of the Public Sphere," Carol K. Winkler and Douglas A. Barthlow

79 "Epistemological Pragmatism: Richard Rorty, Liberal Ironism, and the Conduct of Academic Debate," Robert E. Tucker an John C. Day

84 "Scholarship of Argumentation and the Limits of Influence," Thomas J. Hynes, Jr.

Conceptual and Methodological Issues in the Study of Argumentation

88 "Argument Quality and Persuasive Effects: A Review of Current Approaches," Daniel J. O'Keefe and Sally Jackson

93 "Multi-State versus Singe-Stage Coding of Small Group Argument: A Preliminary Comparative Analysis," Renee A. Meyers and Dale Brashers

101 "Concord and Controversy: Some Implications of Using Biology and Law as Metaphors for Social Opposition Argument," David M. Cheshier


The National Debate Tournament at 50: In Celebration and Evaluation

114 "The NDT at Fifty: An Intergenerational Perspective," Frank Harrison

119 "The National Debate Tournament at Fifty: Decades of Permanence and Change," Donn W. Parson

122 "The NDT and Information Processing: the Decay of Dialogue," Lee R. Polk

125 "Mirrors: NDT and the Communication Discipline," George Ziegelmueller

Intercollegiate Forensics and the Electronic Information Revolution

128 "The Changing Face of Community: The Impact of Electronic List-Serves on Argument Within the Debate Community," Scott Harris

133 "Arguing Across Spheres: The Impact of Electronic LISTSERVs on Public Sphere Argument," Jeffrey Jarman

139 "The Influence of Electronic Databases on Contemporary Debate Practice: Considerations of Argument Selection, Fiat, and Evidentiary Standards," Ronald Wastyn and Gordon Stables

143 "Electronic Research: The Impact on Arguments in Individual Events," K. Jeanine Congalton and Clark D. Olson

144 "Surfing the Net: Applications of Computer Networks to Competitive Forensics," Arnie Madsen


In Law

152 "Segregation in per se Inequality: The Text of Justice J. Waties Waring," Kathleen M. Farrell

157 "Emmett Till and the Rhetoric of Racial Injustice," William Lewis

164 "Race, Transcendence and Voting Rights: Colorblind Argument in Shaw v. Reno," Carrie Crenshaw and Arthur A. Raney

170 "Feminist Jurisprudence and Legal Structures," Mark B. DeLoach

176 "Definitional Argument: Approaching a Theory," Catherine Helen Palczewski

In Public Discourse and Policy Debate

187 "Arguments from Ignorance in Multicultural Discourse," Michael Weiler

191 "Malthusian World(s): Globalization, Race and the American Imaginary in the Immigration Debates of the Twentieth Century," Ronald Walter Greene

196 "Disassociating Myth and Practice: Pete Wilson's Campaign against Immigration," Greg Miller and Brad Lotterman

204 "And Equality for All: The Foundations of African American Civil Rights Argument," Kirt H. Wilson

213 "Debate as Victim: The Impact of Journalism upon Public Argument in the Memphis Sanitation Strike of 1968," John Bakke and Michael Osborn

219 "Woman as 'Object' in the Welfare Debate: Victims or Scapegoats?" Barbara Pickering

226 "Decorum: The Flight from the Rhetorical," Melissa D. Deem

In Arts & Literature

230 "The Polemicist as Artist: W. E. B. DuBois' 'of Mr. Booker T. Washington and Others," Robert Terill and Michael Leff

237 "Re-Fashioning a Reasonable Aesthetic: A Case Study in the Transformation of American Modernalism through Argument in African American Art," Eric K. Watts


The Place of Argument in the National Conversation

242 "Creating Places for Dialogic Argument in the National Conversation," W. Barnett Pearce

250 "Is there a Place for Argument in the 'National Conversation'?: A View from the National Issues Forums," Michael Osborn and Suzanne Osborn

The Public Sphere

254 "Democratizing the Lifeworld of the 21st Century: Evaluating New Democratic Sites for Argument," Patricia Riley, James F. Klumpp, and Thomas Hollihan

261 "The Decline of the Public Sphere of Deliberative Argument: Trials as Public Argument and their Subjugation to the Expediency of the Private Plea Bargaining Process," John C. Day and Robert E. Tucker

267 "Reconsidering Habermas' Conception of Performance," E. Ann Laffoon

274 "No One Has Ever Died from Contradictions': Argumentation in a Rhetorical Lifeworld," Lenore Langsdorf

281 "Rhetoric of <Family Values> and the Public Sphere," Dana Cloud

Crisis Communication

290 "The Origins of Corporate Apologia: Dow Chemical and the Napalm Controversy," Susan Schultz Huxman

296 "The Arrogance and Its Agony: The Importance of Understanding the Argumentative Dimensions of Crisis Communication," W. Timothy Coombs, Robert C. Chandler, and Sherry J. Holladay



302 "Disagreement and Democratic Pluralism," Darrin Hicks

308 "The Aporia of Proceduralism," Brian McGee and Gregory Simerly

314 "Meta-Procedure: The Bases for Challenging the Operative Norms of Argument," Kenneth T. Broda-Bahm

Procedural Designs

321 "Proposals, Rationales, and Criticism in the Engineering Design Process," Barbara J. O'Keefe and Susan Dun

326 "How Should Academics Talk about Ideas?" Karen Tracy

335 "Improving Decision-Making in the Group: Arguing with Constructive Intent," Sandra M. Ketrow and Beatrice Schultz

Case Studies of Argumentative Procedures

344 "The Clayoquot Sound Controversy: News Coverage and Public Deliberation of Environmental Issues," Dan Maher and Scott Jacobs

349 "When Old Social Technologies Meet Modern Problems; The Science Court Model for Managing Expert Disagreement," Mark Aakhus

356 "Non-Expert Expertise: Chronicling the Success of AIDS and Breast Cancer Activists," Charlene Melcher



362 "Storytelling and Judgement in Hannah Arendt's Eichmann in Jerusalem," Mark A. Pollock

371 "Depiction as Argumentative Strategy in Rachel Carson's Silent Spring," Perthenia Eilers

378 "Is the Proof in the Photograph?: Uses of Nineteen Century Reform Photography," Kristin Davis

383 "Are Public Opinion Polls Used Illegitimately? 47% Say Yes," Tyler R. Harrison

389 "What Makes an Argument Scientific?: Using Scientific Standards for Evidence in the Courts," P. Anand Rao

397 "The Evaluation of Scientific Evidence on the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill," Terence Check


403 "Roosevelt and Unconditional Surrender: An Analogy that Held," Robert P. Newman

408 "Argument Through Example: An Exploration and Case Study," Ann M. Hartney

413 "The Synecdochic and Metonymic Processes and the Political Image Construct," Arnie Madsen

Argumentative Choice

421 "It's Not My Fault': Argument Strategies for Managing Pregnancy Loss," Nancy J. Legge and Elaine Bass Jenks

430 "The Careful Use of Confrontation," Ann House

434 "Perceiving and Predicting the Tendency to Personalize Arguments," Dale Hample, Judith M. Dallinger, and Janko S. B. Fofana


Argumentation as Constitutive of Society

439 "Identity Arguments in New Social Movement Rhetoric," Susan Whalen and Gerard A. Hauser

447 "Rhetoric, Judgement and the Politics of Incommensurability," John M. Sloop and Kent A. Ono

456 "Criticism as Rational: An Argument from Disciplinary Integrity," Craig Smith

461 "Exhuming Protagoras: Sophistic Argumentation and the Foundations of Rhetorical Theory," Geoffrey D. Klinger

467 "Rhetoric and Cultural Studies: Arguments and Argument-Analogies," James Crosswhite

Close Readings of Lochner v. New York

471 "Presence and Absence in Lochner: Making Rights Real," Eileen A. Scallen

472 "The Argumentative Creation on Individual Liberty," Warren Sandmann

481 "Preaching the Constitution," William Wiethoff

485 "On the Rhetorical Criticism of Judge Posner," James Aune

The Gulf War Debate

489 "Tragic Fear in Rhetorical Republic: American Hubris and the Demonization of Saddam Hussein," Robert L. Ivie

493 "Post-Realism, Just War, and the Gulf War Debate," Francis A. Beer and Robert Hariman

498 "Demonization, Public Opinion, and the Gulf War," J. Michael Hogan

Explaining Inexplicable Belief

501 "Answering Hitler: A Discussion of What Liberals Must Believe About Persuasion," Eric M. Gander

505 "Belief Fixation in the Cold Fusion Conroversy," Philip Thomson


Actions and Requirements

509 "On the Difference Between Assumptions and Presumptions," Fred Kauffeld

515 "'But' as a Marker of Counterargumentative and Concessive Relations," Francisca Snoeck Henkemans

519 "Locating Fallacies and Reconstructing Arguments," Alan Aldrich

525 "The Burden of Going Forward with the Argument: Argumentative Relevance in Pragma-Dialectics," Harry Weger Jr. and Scott Jacobs

532 "Hey, Don't Do That!: The Use of Argument as Social Support at a Crisis Intervention Center," Barry Liss

The Delivery of Public Argument in a Time of Many Media

539 "Unstated Propositions: Relationships Among Verbal, Visual and Acoustic Languages," Bruce E. Gronbeck

543 "How Music and Image Deliver Argument in Political Advertisements on Television," John S. Nelson and G. R. Boynton

550 "Speaking About Dying," Francis A. Beer and G. R. Boynton

557 "Visual Politics: Mythic Persuasion Through Experience in Campaign Advertising on Television," John S. Nelson


Jackson, Sally, ed.  Argumentation and Values:  Proceedings of the Ninth SCA/AFA Conference on Argumentation.  Annandale VA: Speech Communication Association, 1995.

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